Ethics Policy



  • Originality and plagiarism:

    The journal ensures that the authors have written entirely original works, and if they have used the work and/or words of others, these have been appropriately cited or quoted.

  • Data access and retention:

    Authors may be asked to provide the raw data in connection with a paper for editorial review, and should be prepared to provide public access to such data.

  • Multiple, redundant or concurrent publication:

    Authors are informed not to publish manuscripts describing essentially the same research in another journal (unless it has been published as an abstract, public lecture, conference proceedings, academic thesis or electronic preprint). In these cases the author is expected to give full disclosure for transparency and if needed, seek approval from the original publisher. This includes “self-plagiarism” i.e. recycling or borrowing content from previous work without citation.

  • Prior approval:

    The publication should be approved by all co-authors and responsible authorities at the institute or organization where the work has been carried out.

  • Peer review:

    Peer reviewers for a double blind review are selected based on their expertise in content areas and research methods. They are instructed to be objective and constructive in their reviews and to refrain from being hostile or inflammatory, and not to make libellous or derogatory personal comments. They maintain confidentiality and do not share any detail of manuscript. Peer reviewers are expected to respond in a reasonable time-frame, especially if they cannot do the review, and without intentional delay. When preparing the report, they are to be objective and constructive in their reviews and provide feedback that will help the authors improve their manuscript. They have to continue to keep details of the manuscript and its review confidential.

  • Role of the funding source:

    Authors are requested to identify who provided financial support for the conduct of the research and/or preparation of the article and to briefly describe the role of the sponsor(s), if any, in study design; in the collection, analysis and interpretation of data; in the writing of the report; and in the decision to submit the article for publication. If the funding source(s) had no such involvement then this should be stated.

  • Use of client images or case details:

    Studies on clients or volunteers require ethics committee approval and informed consent, which should be documented in the paper.